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Incarnation and Atonement : Philosophical and Theological Essays

Evaluation: As has been observed, Hick is a philosopher of religion whose critical standpoint takes into account the plurality of religions. He has seen the traditional Christian perception of the status of Jesus as problematic for a fruitful dialogue between Christians and people of other faiths and has attempted to redetermine the status of Jesus by reinterpreting the doctrine of Incarnation in the light of modern scholarship and current interreligious dialogue. The majority of Christians today have not shared his views on this issue. On the contrary, they have been criticised and objected to by a number of Christian theologians.805 He has been accused of underestimating the New Testament accounts and the Christian tradition, since, according to those theologians, Hick urges Christians to abandon the uniqueness of Christ for the sake of dialogue. We will not go into detail about this intra-Christian debate here because of our specific purpose. We will rather discuss Hick’s interpretations from the perspective of Christian-Muslim dialogue in order to see whether they contribute to its development.

Scopri Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays di Ronald J

"In this fine book, Layman discusses and affirms the Trinity, incarnation, and atonement with great clarity and intelligence. He knows the literature, both classical and contemporary; he knows the scriptures; and he proposes clever and fascinating arguments of his own. I recommend this book with great enthusiasm." - Stephen T. Davis, Claremont McKenna College, USA




"Never abandoning the mystery within the doctrines, Layman nonetheless clarifies some of what these doctrines do not teach—in fact cannot teach. His work here is incisive and deeply revealing." - Cornelius Plantinga, Jr., co-editor of Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays



"Layman puts forth a novel, relational theory of atonement, a kenotic christology, and a social Trinity. He gives readers much to ponder, while providing them tools with which to process such important ideas!" - Marilyn McCord Adams, Rutgers University, USA



"The atoning work of Christ, the incarnation of the Son of God, and the Trinity lie at the heart of Christian faith and theology. Layman offers intriguing proposals on each of these topics. This book will help those who want to understand the coherence of these central Christian teachings." - Ronald Feenstra, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA

Philosophical and theological essays on the trinity

of Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays.

"In this fine book, Layman discusses and affirms the Trinity, incarnation, and atonement with great clarity and intelligence. He knows the literature, both classical and contemporary; he knows the scriptures; and he proposes clever and fascinating arguments of his own. I recommend this book with great enthusiasm." - Stephen T. Davis, Claremont McKenna College, USA




"Never abandoning the mystery within the doctrines, Layman nonetheless clarifies some of what these doctrines do not teach—in fact cannot teach. His work here is incisive and deeply revealing." - Cornelius Plantinga, Jr., co-editor of Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays



"Layman puts forth a novel, relational theory of atonement, a kenotic christology, and a social Trinity. He gives readers much to ponder, while providing them tools with which to process such important ideas!" - Marilyn McCord Adams, Rutgers University, USA



"The atoning work of Christ, the incarnation of the Son of God, and the Trinity lie at the heart of Christian faith and theology. Layman offers intriguing proposals on each of these topics. This book will help those who want to understand the coherence of these central Christian teachings." - Ronald Feenstra, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA

Many of the doctrines central to Christianity have importantphilosophical implications or presuppositions. In this article, webegin with a brief general discussion of the relationship betweenphilosophy and Christian dogma, and then we turn our attention tothree of the most philosophically challenging Christian doctrines: thetrinity, the incarnation, and the atonement. We take these three asour focus because, unlike (for example) doctrines about providence orthe attributes of God, these are distinctive to Christian theologyand, unlike (for example) the doctrine of original sin or the RealPresence of Christ in the eucharist, these have been the subject of agreat deal of discussion over the past couple of decades.

Incarnation, Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays

essays on three distinctively Christian doctrines: trinity, incarnation, and atonement.

Proper awareness of the interconnections between theological claims--that is, to the nature of Christian doctrine as such--informs the entire volume, and is part of the reason, I suspect, that the section on definite atonement in theological perspective rivals that on Scripture in length.

The first reason is that atheism was the predominant opinion amongEnglish language philosophers throughout much of that century. Asecond, quite related reason is that philosophers in the twentiethcentury regarded theological language as either meaningless, or, atbest, subject to scrutiny only insofar as that language had a bearingon religious practice. The former belief (i.e., that theologicallanguage was meaningless) was inspired by a tenet of logicalpositivism, according to which any statement that lacks empiricalcontent is meaningless. Since much theological language, for example,language describing the doctrine of the Trinity, lacks empiricalcontent, such language must be meaningless. The latter belief,inspired by Wittgenstein, holds that language itself only has meaningin specific practical contexts, and thus that religious language wasnot aiming to express truths about the world which could be subjectedto objective philosophical scrutiny.

eds., Trinity, Incarnation and Atonement: Philosophical and ..
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Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays ..

In the last forty years, however, philosophers of religion havereturned to the business of theorizing about many of the traditionaldoctrines of Christianity and have begun to apply the tools ofcontemporary philosophy in ways that are somewhat more eclectic thanwhat was envisioned under the Augustinian or Thomistic models. Inkeeping with the recent academic trend, contemporary philosophers ofreligion have been unwilling to maintain hard and fast distinctionsbetween the two disciplines. As a result, it is often difficult inreading recent work to distinguish what the philosophers are doingfrom what the theologians (and philosophers) of past centuriesregarded as strictly within the theological domain. Indeed,philosophers and theologians alike are now coming to use the term“analytic theology” to refer to theological work that aimsto explore and unpack theological doctrines in a way that draws on theresources, methods, and relevant literature of contemporary analyticphilosophy. The use of this term reflects the heretofore largelyunacknowledged reality that the sort of work now being done under thelabel “philosophical theology” is asmuch theology as it is philosophical.

Philosophical Approaches to Atonement, Incarnation, …

"In this fine book, Layman discusses and affirms the Trinity, incarnation, and atonement with great clarity and intelligence. He knows the literature, both classical and contemporary; he knows the scriptures; and he proposes clever and fascinating arguments of his own. I recommend this book with great enthusiasm." - Stephen T. Davis, Claremont McKenna College, USA




"Never abandoning the mystery within the doctrines, Layman nonetheless clarifies some of what these doctrines do not teach—in fact cannot teach. His work here is incisive and deeply revealing." - Cornelius Plantinga, Jr., co-editor of Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays



"Layman puts forth a novel, relational theory of atonement, a kenotic christology, and a social Trinity. He gives readers much to ponder, while providing them tools with which to process such important ideas!" - Marilyn McCord Adams, Rutgers University, USA



"The atoning work of Christ, the incarnation of the Son of God, and the Trinity lie at the heart of Christian faith and theology. Layman offers intriguing proposals on each of these topics. This book will help those who want to understand the coherence of these central Christian teachings." - Ronald Feenstra, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA
"In this fine book, Layman discusses and affirms the Trinity, incarnation, and atonement with great clarity and intelligence. He knows the literature, both classical and contemporary; he knows the scriptures; and he proposes clever and fascinating arguments of his own. I recommend this book with great enthusiasm." - Stephen T. Davis, Claremont McKenna College, USA




"Never abandoning the mystery within the doctrines, Layman nonetheless clarifies some of what these doctrines do not teach—in fact cannot teach. His work here is incisive and deeply revealing." - Cornelius Plantinga, Jr., co-editor of Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays



"Layman puts forth a novel, relational theory of atonement, a kenotic christology, and a social Trinity. He gives readers much to ponder, while providing them tools with which to process such important ideas!" - Marilyn McCord Adams, Rutgers University, USA



"The atoning work of Christ, the incarnation of the Son of God, and the Trinity lie at the heart of Christian faith and theology. Layman offers intriguing proposals on each of these topics. This book will help those who want to understand the coherence of these central Christian teachings." - Ronald Feenstra, Calvin Theological Seminary, USA

Philosophical Approaches to Atonement, ..

This book explores the philosophical issues arising from the distinctively Christian doctrines of the atonement, incarnation, and Trinity. To many philosophers and theologians, these doctrines raise considerable philosophical quandaries. In this volume, C. Stephen Layman explores such questions as: Why do these doctrines matter? Do they make sense? Do the historically influential theories about them hold up under scrutiny? To what extent do recent contributions by philosophers (e.g., Richard Swinburne, Thomas V. Morris, Stephen T. Davis, Brian Leftow, and Peter van Inwagen) shed light on these doctrines? This philosophical investigation illuminates how religious questions can be addressed with philosophical seriousness.

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