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The Bass, The River, And Sheila Mant Essay - 384 Words
Smallmouth bass densities and vary substantially over time and among waters in Wisconsin. From 1972 to 1992, springtime densities of adult smallmouth bass (age 3 and older) in Nebish Lake varied from 11.1 to 96.7 fish/ha, and varied from 1.8 to 11.6 kg/ha (). In nearby Pallette Lake, Vilas County, springtime densities of adult fish ranged from 1.5 to 9.9 fish/ha during 1963–1979 (). Densities fluctuated from 1.4 to 16.8 fish/ha for age–2 fish and from 4.9 to 30.3 fish/ha for age-1 fish. Adult abundance estimates for five other northern Wisconsin lakes during the 1970s varied from 0.7 to 8.6 fish/ha and 0.1 to 1.3 kg/ha (WDNR, unpublished data). Maximum densities were higher in flowing water, and summer values for age 1 and older smallmouth bass from 21 streams and rivers throughout Wisconsin from 1964 to 1990 ranged from 0.7 to 395.4 fish/ha (; ). in eight streams varied from 1.0 to 31.6 kg/ha (; , ). However, presented evidence than many of the stream estimates were likely biased too high.
Angling regulations have been a key component of smallmouth bass management in Wisconsin. The first restrictions on harvest, closing the fishing season from December through February, were enacted in 1881 (WDNR, unpublished data). The first daily bag limit–15 largemouth and smallmouth bass combined–was established in 1907. A 254–mm (10–inch) TL minimum size limit took effect in 1917. The size limit was removed in 1953, part of a nationwide trend at the time to liberalize sport fishing regulations, the general feeling being that angling was unlikely to harm a fish population when habitat conditions were good (e.g., ; ; ). However, it became clear in the 1970s and 1980s that excessive angling harvest could reduce the quality of sport fish populations. Greater fishing effort, spurred by human population growth and coupled with greater fishing effectiveness, the result of improved technology, made stricter angling regulations necessary. Population modeling and evaluation of minimum size limits in Clear Lake, Oneida County (); Nebish Lake (; ; ); and several rivers outside Wisconsin (reviewed in , ; ), demonstrated that smallmouth bass survival, abundance, and could be improved with appropriate restrictions on angler harvest. Consequently, in 1989, minimum length limits for harvest of smallmouth bass were again imposed in Wisconsin. This regulation change corresponded with a shift in management philosophy towards reduced smallmouth bass harvest through “catch and release”, emphasizing the species’ value as a sport fish rather than a panfish. Presently, there is a statewide 356-mm (14-inch) TL minimum size limit and a bag limit of five largemouth and smallmouth bass combined. This size limit has improved smallmouth bass abundance and size structure in many waters around the state (; WDNR, unpublished data).
The bass, river, and Sheila mant Essay Examples
Degradation of water and habitat quality limits smallmouth bass populations and fisheries in a number of Wisconsin waters, and management efforts have focused on environmental restoration at these sites. For many years, discharges of inadequately treated municipal sewage, pulp and paper mill wastes, and other industrial pollutants severely degraded water quality in many Wisconsin rivers. In rivers such as the Wisconsin and Fox (Green Bay), only small remnant populations of smallmouth bass (and most other fish species) were able to persist (e.g., ). Over the last 30 years a massive investment in reduction and treatment of this “point-source” pollution has led to greatly improved water quality in most Wisconsin rivers (). As a result, smallmouth bass populations have rebounded and now support fisheries (; ).
Smallmouth bass fishing is a major recreational activity across Wisconsin and much of the United States and Canada. In a U.S. national survey, black bass (Micropterus species) was the most popular freshwater game fish group, with over 13 million anglers and 196 million angling days per year (). In Wisconsin during the 2006–2007 fishing season, the smallmouth bass was the sixth-most sought-after and captured sport fish species ( first, fifth), with an estimated annual catch of over 4.6 million (Brian Weigel, WDNR, personal communication, 2008). At least 500 Wisconsin lakes and reservoirs () and 5,670 km of streams and rivers () have fishable smallmouth bass populations. Some of these waters, such as Lake Geneva (Walworth County), Lake Owen (Bayfield County), Green Bay, Lake Michigan (Door County), Chequamegon Bay, Lake Superior (Ashland and Bayfield counties), the Galena (Fever) River (Lafayette County), the Wisconsin River (Grant through Vilas counties), and the St. Croix River (Pierce through Douglas counties), support famous smallmouth bass fisheries. Angler catch rates on the best waters average from 0.2 to over 1 smallmouth bass per hour (; ; ; WDNR, unpublished data).
Analysis of "The Bass, the River, and Sheila Mant" Essay …
Dam removal has become an increasingly common strategy to restore riverine environments in Wisconsin. Dams, thousands of which occur in Wisconsin (), affect many smallmouth bass populations by blocking essential seasonal movements and forming impoundments that inundate flowing-water habitats (; ). estimated that smallmouth bass habitat would be increased by 18% if low-head dams were removed from the Milwaukee River in southeastern Wisconsin. Dam removal was a more cost-effective management strategy than watershed erosion control or instream habitat improvement. After the Woolen Mills Dam was removed from the Milwaukee River at West Bend, Washington County, in 1988, smallmouth bass abundance and increased dramatically (). The increases were caused by improved reproduction and , the result of unrestricted access to spawning areas above the dam, and improved habitat in the former impoundment. Much of the improvement in habitat occurred through natural river channel recovery, but addition of habitat improvement structures within parts of the former impoundment further enhanced habitat quality and led to greater smallmouth bass population increases.
How will this all play out at the ? Who knows, but I know that we’ve had a blast watching it go down LIVE with the new live scoring system on the River Bassin Trail this year. I can’t wait to see everyone in Wetumpka, where we’ll have free an amazing time of fellowship, free camping, some free food (included in entry), free shuttle services on the Coosa River available through Southern Trails, and what is normally perfect camping and fishing weather that time of year. We also have a few thousand more dollars of prizes that we’ll be giving away at this event that, again, is an Open Championship so you do not want to miss out on a deep deep payout tournament where everyone ends up walking away with some cool stuff provided by the . So, even if you haven’t fished one event all year you need to get down Wetumpka because we will crown a champion of that event as well as the overall RBOY and RBTOY awards/prizes and have a blast doing it!
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The Bass, The River, And Sheila Mant - WriteWork
Smallmouth bass are common in lakes and rivers throughout Wisconsin (; ).
Most authors indicate that the species was native to all parts of the state (e.g., ; ; ). However, provide compelling arguments that smallmouth bass were not originally found in the inland portion of the Lake Superior basin, although they occurred in warmer bays of the lake proper and the lower reaches of the larger and warmer tributaries. Apparently, waterfalls and other natural barriers prevented smallmouth bass from colonizing most of the basin following the retreat of the glaciers. However, by the early 1900s humans had introduced and established them in inland lakes and reservoirs such as Lake Nebagamon, Douglas County; Lake Owen, Bayfield County; and Gile Flowage, Iron County (WDNR, unpublished data). More detail on the distribution of smallmouth bass in Wisconsin can be found at .
In the story "The Bass, the Rive and Sheila Mant" by W.D
Ok, before I begin I have to take a deep breathe because there is a lot of exciting stuff to talk about concerning the trail this year and how it is panning out. The River Basser of the Year (RBOY) and River Bassin Team of the Year (RBTOY) races are very close and so many individuals and teams still have a shot at taking the title in . In fact, there are still plenty of stops left on the trail (12) for someone who hasn’t even fished one yet to come out of nowhere and end up being our champion, especially with so many midwest and northern events yet to come.
Plot Elements in “The Bass, the River and Sheila Mant ..
The smallmouth bass has been widely introduced, and its current range is much broader than its native range (; ). Smallmouth bass are now distributed on the Atlantic slope of the United States and Canada from Georgia to Newfoundland. Populations are established in the Lake Winnipeg drainage (Hudson Bay basin) of northern Minnesota, northwestern Ontario, southern Manitoba, and North Dakota. Successful transplants have been made into the waters of all states west of the Mississippi (including Hawaii) except for Alaska and Louisiana. Smallmouth bass are particularly common in the Columbia and Snake rivers of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Introductions have also been made outside of North America in temperate regions of South and Central America, Oceania, eastern Asia, southern Africa, and Europe, but the only established populations appear to be in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Finland, Denmark, and France (; ).
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